International correspondent in Sao Paulo, Brazil - The Planetário named after Prof. Aristotle Orsini in Ibirapuera Park hosted two important events Monday January 29th, 2018 in the area of space science.
The first was the appointment of 7 year old João Paulo Guerra Barrera as Official Ambassador of Science Days in Brazil. Following that, three space professionals, including a keynote speaker from NASA, presented in this extraordinary event.
The event highlights the announcement of Science Days Brazil 2018 running from March 3 - 17th. Science Days is an annual traveling multi-day event through Brazil aimed at youth to adults to promote STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics) education. The event is full of hands on activities, speakers, and contributors from across the globe.
Joao Paulo, who turns 8 in March, gained international recognition when he won NASA Ames Space Settlement Competition directed at teens and consequently overcame six thousand opponents from around the world. His project on space colonization became a bilingual book, "In the World of the Moon and the Planets", and game. This led the Michaelis Foundation for Global Education, the primary supporter of Science Days, to invite him to become the ambassador for the entirety of the event as it travels throughout Brazil.
Space Educators and Speakers
Sponsored by the Michaelis Foundation, the speakers bring important professional views and knowledge linked to NASA.
George Francis "Gabe" Gabrielle was a civil engineer at the Kennedy Space Center, NASA, where he had the opportunity to witness and work with the launch of over 70 space shuttle missions.
Physicist Alex Greutman is a co-starter and lead instructor of an educational program called Space Trek at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex and is currently a member of the OR1ON Center for Space Education team in Brazil.
Mechatronic engineer Vinicius Fantuchi has developed an educational program in collaboration with the Kennedy Space Center International Academy based on the Osiris-REX Asteroid Mission to teach about robotic programming and space to youth across South America.
For more information about Science Days Brazil 2018 please visit the following link: BrazilFlorida.org
Samantha Cristoforetti, Italian European Space Agency astronaut, who is also an Italian Air Force pilot and engineer, believes that humans are not going to Mars anytime soon.
"It will take a long time to fly to Mars. If from the ISS to go to the Moon it takes long time, then to Mars it takes even more. Currently there are many expectations regarding this, but we need investments,” Cristoforetti said during the space conference.
In an interview with Sputnik Italia, the first Italian woman-astronaut recalled her experience flying on a Russian Soyuz space rocket, saying that, "At the time of launch, the speed is very high. We reached orbit in less than 9 minutes, at a speed of 28,000 km/h.”
Cristoferetti, who at 40 has already achieved milestones in space exploration, has been a part of space missions such as Expedition 42, Expedition 43, and Soyuz TMA-15M.
Cristoferetti went on to say, "I think that space cooperation, and especially the flying of astronauts to the ISS, shows us that when you concentrate on common goals, rather than on differences, working together becomes possible even in times of tension. There remains no room for conflicts, because we need to focus on what we have in common, and on the greater goal for which we are all working.”
Cristoferetti, was a special guest at a recent a conference called "The Way to the Stars — from Moon to Mars" held in Rome, Italy.
During the conference, the current President of the Italian Space Agency, ASI, Roberto Battiston said that, "Space is one of the sectors where tension in relations between countries is being smoothened out. Space is very fertile soil for various fields of activity related to international relations.”
He added that, "Space is an instrument of peace.”
The conference was also attended by Franco Frattini, president of Italian Society for International Organization, SIOI, who said that space activities are among the few in which the great tensions between nations diminish.
Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) has formalized its agreement with NASA under Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships-2 (NextSTEP-2), signing a contract to design and develop a prototype for a deep space habitat. The formal signing of the contract under NextSTEP Broad Agency Announcement, Appendix A: Habitat Systems, aimed at enabling potential long-duration human missions in deep space, clears the way for actual production of SNC’s prototype in the coming months.
SNC is partnering with Aerojet Rocketdyne and ILC Dover to begin the conceptual architectural design; they will build a full-scale ground prototype of the main habitable volume over the next 19 months.
“The future of human spaceflight includes long-duration travel in deep space and these prototypes will help develop the concepts to make it possible. The idea that humans are starting to expand farther into space than ever before is exciting and we’re thrilled to be a part of it,” said Fatih Ozmen, owner and CEO of SNC.
The public-private habitation development work supports NASA’s study of a deep space gateway concept in cislunar space. Located in lunar orbit, a gateway could enable a new level of space exploration never before possible. NASA gateway studies and prototypes will be used to look at commercial capabilities and risk reduction as the agency defines requirements and objectives for the spaceport. If the concept is approved, the gateway would launch in several elements, and the first would be power and propulsion.
SNC is studying this element under a separate NextSTEP Broad Agency Announcement contract award for Appendix C: Power and Propulsion Studies. SNC envisions the power and propulsion element utilizing the company’s logistics and control module (LCM) and solar electric propulsion module (SEPM) as initial building blocks for our proposed deep space gateway architecture concept.
SNC’s concepts could incorporate all of NASA’s key elements for a gateway:
The deep space gateway concept complements SNC’s extensive space portfolio which includes the Dream Chaser® spacecraft slated to start resupply missions to the International Space Station in 2020 under NASA’s Commercial Resupply Services-2 contract. SNC’s work under the NextSTEP-2 architecture leverages technology developed for the Dream Chaser vehicle including proximity operations systems for in-space vehicle docking, environmental control and life support systems, as well as other essential subsystems for on-orbit operation and control.
“Working on this technology shows SNC’s dedication to the future of spaceflight and long-duration exploration missions that are critical to NASA’s vision of space exploration,” said Mark Sirangelo, executive vice president of SNC’s Space Systems business area.
SNC previously won a NASA award for Phase I of the project that allowed research on a concept study for a habitat life support system. The study incorporated the concept and development of a prototype for the Greenwall, an advanced plant growth system for long-duration human sustainability in deep space.